Life outside the Earth can be a fantasy very soon. Every year, mankind penetrates deeper into space, and new technologies allow you to look as far away as it was impossible 5-10 years ago. And new discoveries are sometimes amazing.
Thus, in 2019, astronomers discovered at a distance of 12.5 light-years the existence of two Earth type planets, which are actually located in the same region of the galaxy as our solar system.
Not so long ago, information was published in Newsweek that the list of potentially suitable for life planets includes the 10th and 11th planets are those which were discovered during an international project launched in 2016. The main goal of this project is to discover the worlds around stars in a relatively close radius from the Earth. Scientists have applied the most advanced technologies and tools, including the Carlos Sanchez telescope in Spain and the technical equipment of the Calar Alto Observatory.
The planet which took scientists’ interest revolves around the Tigarden Star in the constellation of Aries. By the way, the star itself was also discovered relatively recently - only in 2003. This is a red dwarf with the mass ten times less than the mass of the sun. And the temperature on the surface of the star is about 2700 degrees. The star had been observed for a long time, during which it was discovered that at least two planets located in the so-called "zone of life" are in orbit. This means that water may well exist on the surface of these planets. And that means life.
One of the authors of the study, Stefan Dreitzler said: "Most likely, these two planets are part of a large system." And this means that in front of us there will be many more discoveries of other planets near the Tigarden Star.
To be noted: this is not the only discovery of this kind in recent years. So, recently the Kepler orbital observatory has immediately discovered fifteen planets located near the solar system. And one of them is also in the "zone of life" - K2-155d. Scientists suggest that there may be oceans and the atmosphere is like on Earth. Researchers also say that in the coming months or years, these assumptions can be accurately confirmed or denied.
Does this mean that humanity has found a new home in case the Earth becomes unsuitable for life? Maybe. So far, existing technology does not allow us to travel for such long distances. But progress does not stand still. And it is quite possible that in a few generations humanity will call its home a completely different planet. Or even planets!